Sunday, May 24, 2020
What is doublethink? Orwell describes doublethink as amp;#8220;the power of holding two contradictory beliefs in oneamp;#8217;s mind simultaneously, and accepting both of them.; In 1984, doublethink is the normal way of thought, and as a result everyone understands it and practices it. Doublethink is different from changing ones mind, lying, and self-deception in many ways. Doublethink involves believing in the two contradictory ideas at the same time. This is different from lying because lying is saying something that is wrong and knowing that it is wrong but still saying it anyway. For example lets say you broke a vase. When your mother asks you who broke the vase and you say the dog did it that would be lying. The reason it is notÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦An example of this would be thinking that you are such a smart person that you do not have to do any homework or studying and expect to do well in class. This is self-deception because even geniuses have to learn the materia l at one point. Some people, such as geniuses, may learn it at a faster rate but they do have to learn it. So by thinking you are smart enough to do well in class without doing any work would be self-deception. Now that doublethink is distinguished from lying, changing ones mind, and self-deception, some examples of doublethink will be discussed and whether or not it is necessary and virtuous for contemporary American society. Affirmative action is an excellent example of doublethink. Affirmative action is the idea of ending discrimination by basically practicing it. Affirmative action says that no matter how many qualified people there are for a job there has to be a certain number of minorities let in. Which means, in turn, if your white it will be harder to get a job due to affirmative action, because employers will have to hire a certain number of minorities even if they are not as qualified as you. This is to justify for generations of discrimination towards minorities by creating a new era of discrimination toward non-minorities. This is a clear example of doublethink in that one is led to believe that by discriminating you can justify for discrimination. InterestinglyShow MoreRelatedDoublethink in 19841751 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesWhat is doublethink? Orwell describes doublethink as #8220;the power of holding two contradictory beliefs in one#8217;s mind simultaneously, and accepting both of them.#8221; In 1984, doublethink is the normal way of thought, and as a result everyone understands it and practices it. Doublethink is different from changing ones mind, lying, and self-deception in many ways. Doublethink involves believing in the two contradictory ideas at the same time. This is different from lying because lyingRead More1984 Doublethink Analysis1237 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Role of Doublethink in The Government of 1984 Ã¢â¬Å" War is peace. Freedom is slavery. Ignorance is strength,Ã¢â¬ . The following quote originates from the infamous novel, 1984 by George Orwell. The significance of this popular quote was to display an example of the action of doublethink. Doublethink is the act of having two contradictory thoughts at the same time and believing both are true. Doublethink plays an influential role in the novel, 1984. The novel takes place in a super-state by the nameRead More1984 Doublethink Analysis1497 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages1984 Connection: In 1984, George Orwell illustrates a dystopian society in which he emphasizes the influential contribution of language to the psychological manipulation the Party imposes. Specifically, through the concept of Doublethink, Orwell highlights the ironic names of the Partys ministries as means to euphemize what they actually are. From the very beginning of the novel, it is revealed how the Party characterizes the faÃ §ade that The Ministry of Truth, which concerned itself with newsRead More1984 Doublethink Essay885 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"War is peace, Freedom is slavery, Ignorance is strength,Ã¢â¬ (Orwell 26). In George OrwellÃ¢â¬â¢s book, 1984, the power of holding two contradictory beliefs in mind and being forced to accept them, is Ã¢â¬Å"doublethinkÃ¢â¬ . The government of Oceania, also called the Party, uses psychological operant conditioning to brainwash their citizens to keep control over them. The truth can only be proven by consensus of majority meaning if millions believe it , they too should believe it. The act of thinking freely is consideredRead MoreWe Are Living 1984 Today668 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesWe Are Living 1984 Today TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s society is predicted as living in a world George Orwell envisioned in 1984. The system Orwell invented is compared to what the United States government is capable of doing. Government control of society is an essential subject due to the current mind set of the world today. In 1984, George Orwell represents how Big Brother is compared to todayÃ¢â¬â¢s government, showing the consequences and dangers of a government with unlimited surveillance power. Big Brother isRead MoreGeorge Orwell s Brave New World938 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesComparison of Two Governments What are the main differences and similarities in how the government in the novel 1984 and the government in the novel Brave New World control the citizens of their society? Both government are tyrannical types of governments with total control over their people. The two novels have many differences and similarities in the methods the government uses to control the people, they use methods such as psychological manipulation, torture, emotional oppression, and t. TheRead More1984 Dystopian Society Essay1212 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEnvision the presence living in a dystopian society - where citizens are watched day-and-night. George OrwellÃ¢â¬â¢s novel 1984, written in 1949, depicts and illustrates the future of the 1980Ã¢â¬â¢s. Orwell imagined the world in which totalitarianism reigned, individualism is dead, and history is just sentiment. The world diverged into three superstates: Oceania, Eurasia, and Eastasia. With protagonist Winston Smith and the citizens of Oceania, they have experienced the impression, having to live life behindRead More A Comparison of George Orwells Totalitarian World of 1984 and America in 2004763 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWorld of 1984 is America in 2004 Orwells allegorical critique of Stalinism in 1984 is often used in capitalist nations as a poignant literary attack on Communism and other collectivist economic and political systems. The argument often follows the lines of This is socialism, and as you can see, it doesnt work and just leads to oppression. Were in a nice capitalist democracy, therefore we are better off. But is that conclusion the truth? Orwell didnt just intend 1984 as anRead MoreThe True Lesson Of 1984963 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages1984 is a renowned dystopian novel that depicts an oppressive, dark English society where English socialism is fervently adopted by the central government, also known as the Big Brother. However, the fundamental notion of this political philosophy, which is to Ã¢â¬Å"overcome the greed, waste, competitiveness, and inequalityÃ¢â¬ as described in the article The True Lessons of 1984, are distorted and trimmed down into three sacred principles: Newspeak, Doublethink and Mutability of the past. The incidentalRead MoreTotalitarianism In 1984 By George Orwell1387 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageswere unnamed and not fully explained, so Orwell took it upon himself to do so. Conceiving of the phrases, NEWSPEAK and DOUBLETHINK, Orwell was seeking to highlight and criticize the cognitive bad habits that people were falling into. Despite OrwellÃ¢â¬â¢s warning, NEWSPEAK and DOUBLETHINK continue to plague public thought, particularly political and online discussion. In the world of 1984, the various nations have grown together into three super states, each ruled by a totalitarian government composed of
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Revenge always leads an individual down a path of destruction. It is a horrible trait for one to posses; it triggers many different emotions, which causes one to act blindly. Revenge can reflect on the principle an eye for an eye. We will write a custom essay sample on Hamlet and Revenge or any similar topic only for you Order Now In ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s playwright Hamlet, the play demonstrates revenge according to the self-fulfilling prophecy; seeking revenge can lead to complete tragedy within the following main characters. Hamlet, Laertes and Young Fortinbras, shared a common goal; this was to avenge the deaths of their fathers, revenge was their main motive among all three characters. Considering they were the eldest of their family, it was up to them to prove their manhood by protecting their family prestige. This led some characters towards tragedy, while it led others towards greatness. HamletsÃ¢â¬â¢ act of revenge cost him his own life, as well the lives of other victims. The reason many of the events that occurred in the play was due to the murder of HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s father King Hamlet, by his uncle Claudius the current King of Denmark. With the tragic loss of his father, Hamlet swore that he would have revenge on his uncle for killing his father. This is clearly demonstrated when Hamlet says: Ã¢â¬Å"Haste me to knowÃ¢â¬â¢t, that I, with wings as swift as meditation or the thoughts of love, May sweep to my revenge (Hamlet I. v. 29-31). This quotation show, that Hamlet is determined to seek revenge, it also shows the amount of respect and value he had for his late father; however, Hamlet did not believe in violence. This is why before planning his revenge against Claudius; HamletsÃ¢â¬â¢ deep thinking provoked him to put on a play Ã¢â¬Å"The MousetrapÃ¢â¬ before he jumped into conclusions. He states this as he says the following: Ã¢â¬Å"The playÃ¢â¬â¢s the thing wherein IÃ¢â¬â¢ll catch the conscience of the King (Hamlet. II. ii. 531-532). Although, Hamlet believes the truth about his uncle, he hesitates and holds back in making his move. This was the major consequence of his death; the delay of HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s act of revenge led him to his tragic fate. Hamlet received an opportunity to attack Claudius and kill him, when Claudius was praying and confessing to god. However, he does not take advantage of this opportunity. As he watches Claudius confessing his sin, Hamlet talks to himself: Ã¢â¬Å"Now might I do it pat, now he is praying; and now IÃ¢â¬â¢ll doÃ¢â¬â¢t. And so he goes to heaven; and so am I revenged. That would be scannÃ¢â¬â¢d: A villain kills my father; and for that, I, his sole son, do this same villain send to heavenÃ¢â¬ (Hamlet III. iii. 73-78). Hamlet holds back yet again, to have his revenge upon Claudius, the reason for this could be due to the fact that Hamlet fears the consequence, following the murder of Claudius. Hamlet constantly postpones his revenge, due to his over analyzing and over thinking. He did not believe in violence, his self-conscience also was a factor. In the end, Hamlet was a man a lot of thought and little action; this is why he lost his life to revenge and fear. LaertesÃ¢â¬â¢s motive was similar to HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s as well; however, they were very different in dealing with their role as avengers. Laertes decisions were made too quickly, he let his emotions control him; this forced him jump to conclusions without thinking the situation through. This is illustrated when he speaks of his revenge for his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s murder: Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ I dare damnation: to this point I stand, that both worlds I give to negligence, let come what comes; only IÃ¢â¬â¢ll be revenged most thoroughly for my fatherÃ¢â¬ (Hamlet. IV. v. 135-137). Laertes reacts immediately, by speaking of revenge, with no further thought at all. Once, Laertes was aware that his father was murdered by Hamlet; he felt that Hamlet needed to be killed in order for Laertes to have his revenge. As Claudius speaks with Laertes regarding revenge on Hamlet, he says: Ã¢â¬Å"Hamlet comes back: what would you undertake, to show yourself your fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s son in deed more than in words? Ã¢â¬ (Hamlet. IV. viii. 124-126). Laertes does not hesitate to answer, ClaudiusÃ¢â¬â¢ question as he responds: Ã¢â¬Å"To cut his throat iÃ¢â¬â¢ the churchÃ¢â¬ (Hamlet. IV. v. 126). Laertes, would like to cut HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s throat in church, this shows that Laertes has only one main intention, this is the death of Hamlet. However, Hamlet did not murder Claudius while he was praying. It has clearly portrayed how the two characters differ despite their common circumstances. The short amount of period Laertes is with Claudius, he manages to influence Laertes very quickly. Although Hamlet apologizes to Laertes regarding PoloniusÃ¢â¬â¢ murder, regardless of Hamlets apology Laertes still felt the need to avenge his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s death. He says the following to Hamlet regarding his honor: Ã¢â¬Å"I am satisfied in nature, whose motive, in this case, should stir me most to my revenge: but in my terms of honor I stand aloof; and will no reconcilement, till by some elder masters, of known honor, I have a voice and precedent of peace, to keep my name ungored. But till that time, I do receive your offerÃ¢â¬â¢d love like love, and will not wrong itÃ¢â¬ (V. ii. 244-252). This shows that, Laertes was not in the right state of mind, his heart was set on killing Hamlet, and he was willing to go to any extent into fulfilling it. Laertes also, poisoned his sword little was he aware of the fact that it could harm him as well. This is what brought LaertesÃ¢â¬â¢ life to an end, his sudden action without thought cost him his own life. Young Fortinbras was a Prince willing to pay anything so that he may gain his revenge on Denmark. This is because his father was killing by King Hamlet, in a battle against Denmark for a piece of land. Since that day, Fortinbras was determined to have his revenge at any cost. Over the years, Fortinbras thought over his plan and decided that he was willing to battle against Denmark for a small piece of land. However, when Fortinbras runs into Hamlet he tells the Prince the following: Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ Two thousand souls and twenty thousand ducats will not debate the question of this straw: this is the imposthume of much wealth and peace, that inward breaks, and shows no cause without why the man dies. I humbly thank you, sirÃ¢â¬ (IV. iv. 25-29). Fortinbras was willing to risk over 20,000 lives for a piece of land that was not worth a lot. This shows his determination and ultimate goal that he is ready to give anything to gain what he believes he deserves. Fortinbras main intention was to battle Denmark for his father has lost land and kingdom. As he speaks with Horatio he states the following: Ã¢â¬Å"I have some rights of memory in this kingdom, which now to claim my vantage doth invite meÃ¢â¬ (V. ii. 389-390). He claims his rights over the kingdom, and speaks out once he thinks everything through. Fortinbras used his time wisely and perfected his plan before he made a move to attack. Once he realized the royal family was destroyed he did not rejoice, he was saddened by their fate. This is stated when he says: Ã¢â¬Å"For me, with sorrow I embrace my fortuneÃ¢â¬ (V. ii. 388). In the play Fortinbras represent a more logical and thoughtful type of man that takes action at the right time. This benefits him as well as spares his life; the right amount of patience gained him his reward and ultimate goal. In conclusion, one of the major themes in this play shapes up the plot. Hamlet, Laertes and Fortinbras were within the same circumstances however, they approached it in a different manner. This resulted the fate of the three characters, Shakespeare portrays the consequences of revenge and how it can destroy an individual. The principle Ã¢â¬Å"an eye for an eyeÃ¢â¬ has been clearly demonstrated in Shakespears most famous tragedy. How to cite Hamlet and Revenge, Papers
Monday, May 4, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Guide to Case Analysis. Answer: SWOT Analysis Strengths: Loblaws has a strong brand name, the position of the company in the market is too good, and the number of sales is growing continually. It offers about 7000 products with private levels (Presidents Choice (PC)). The program PC Plus helped and allowed the customers in the collection and redemption of points, which help them, benefit from the low cost and further creation of the brand awareness. The introduction of PC MasterCard offered products with high quality and retaining customers through the loyalty program i.e. PC Plus. The company has a large number of fixed assets and a very low amount of debts, which shows a major strength in the position of the company. The Company has a wide coverage across Canada, which has helped them in involvement with communities and in taking initiatives for social responsibilities (Karakowsky and Guriel). Weaknesses: The large investment in the technology i.e. in the IT systems and infrastructure has resulted in unanticipated losses, as the realization is yet to come. The management is weak and the structure of the corporate is too complicated. There has been an incorporation of systems containing self-checkout and cell phones for attaining competitive advantages but the constraints in logistics have created a huge gap in the strategic plan (Castaer et al.). Opportunities: Loblaws has become a low price leader due to the growth in the discount segment. There are huge openings for the exploitations of the new technologies emerging in the market, which is a huge opportunity for the company. The large resources of Finance have a promising future. The specialty food products have increased and offered by the retailers, which has created an opening for the company. Furthermore, the acquisition of Pharmacy and Clothing services is a major opportunity for the company ("Loblaw Companies Limited 2016 Annual Report"). Threats: The Goodwill has dropped continuously in terms of value and the intense competition from Wal-Mart, Costco and Metro has become a major threat for Loblaws. The Union problems and other political and legal concerns are a major risk towards the company and the Canadian market is presently attracting the foreign investors, which is the most hazardous part for the company. Competitive Advantages The company Loblaws can identify their competitive advantages as per the integral factors of success and by developing the framework with respect to their competitors. The company uses the valuable, rare, costly to imitate, organized to capture value approach towards identification of their advantages from the competitive forces present in the market. The above analysis can help in the maintenance of their brand and reputation with the strong position, which they hold in the market of the grocery retail industry (Abdulla et al.). The major competitive advantages are as follows: The major analysis done states the fact that the company has a strong and recognized brand name, which will maintain their position in the market. They have a customer base, which is devoted, and the same is due to the providing of the products of superior quality. Furthermore, they have taken efforts in maintaining the relation with the society through the corporate social responsibility. The restructuring of the stores and transformations is attracting many customers and keeping apart the competitive forces through Brand differentiation. The Company has been practicing skills, which are superior in nature and related to the management of relationships. Thus, the goodwill is maintained and market position restored from time to time. The Company has a strong human resource department and the efforts in training and recruitment policies have helped in attaining value for the organization. The Company has taken steps in making the products more environmentally friendly to help the society and company as a whole. The risky species and the fish products, which were non-sustainable in nature, were ceased for selling and removed from the stores and so the company was successful in taking steps in removing the unfriendliness in the environment (Worley and Mirvis). A store in Scarborough, Ontario was recognized for the removal of the carbon footprints thus naming the same as the store of environmental flagship. A store in Nova Scotia uses the wind turbines for the generation of electricity, which means they are using the natural resources in an efficient and effective manner (Trites and Levesque). These initiatives help in the company gaining an advantage in the market. Value Chain Analysis The company has been efficient and effective in the management of the activities i.e. both the primary and secondary activities which is necessary for the optimization of the productivity and their brand image. The company has continued to serve their market is the best manner possible by attaining the loyalty and trust of the customers. The closer look of the logistics, which are inbound in nature, explains and illustrates the fact that the Company has outstanding and admirable associations with their suppliers (Smith). The relationship is stronger because as the company has a large share and position in the market, the company while negotiation can guarantee the supply of goods in a reliable way. Loblaws has considered the management system regarding the supply chain procedures, of Manhattan. The platform has been helpful as the same is working for them and the company has continued to invest in the same system of management. The planning centers, which are four in number, allows for the processes, which are integrated and standardized in their approaches. The same is done while considering the logistics of an outbound nature. The growth of the loyalty program of the company and the responses of customers towards the transformation and restructuring of the designs of the stores has been one of the major integral focuses for the division of sales and marketing of the company. There have been some difficulties being faced by the company, which was discussed above in the weaknesses. The difficulty comprised of the achievement of the required and expected returns from the investment in technology developments and infrastructures. Hence, it will be better to outsource the part of the business as the company may reduce its gains and goodwill due to the incorporation of such weakness inside. The outsourcing will also allow the company to focus more on the strengths. Therefore, the overall scenario represents that the combination of the effective and efficient value chain has helped and assisted Loblaw for the deliverance of the powerful and excellent products and services towards the customers, which is thus a competitive advantage for the company. References Abdulla, Majd, et al. "The importance of quantifying food waste in Canada."Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development3.2 (2016): 137-151. Castaer Camps, Sandra, et al. "Generic brands and product differentiation strategies." (2013). HALLSWORTH, ALAN G., and KENG JONES. "The Planning Implications of New Retail."The Internationalisation of Retailing(2013): 148. Karakowsky, Len, and Natalie Guriel.The Context of Business: Understanding the Canadian Business Environment. 2015. "Loblaw Companies Limited 2016 Annual Report". https://www.annualreports.com. N.p., 2017. Web. 14 Mar. 2017. Smith, Courtney. "Prepared By: Courtney Smith January 30, 2015." (2015). Trites, Steve, Charles Gibney, and Bruno Lvesque. "Mobile payments and consumer protection in canada."2013, Research Division, Financial Consumer Agency of Canada(2013). Worley, Christopher G., and Philip H. Mirvis. "Studying networks and partnerships for sustainability: Lessons learned."Building networks and partnerships. Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2013. 261-291.
Sunday, March 29, 2020
10 Olympic Legends Who Found Another Job Wondering what youÃ¢â¬â¢ll do if or when one career ends? Ever thought about what it must be like to train your entire life to compete in one event and then have to come up with a second plan when age or injury forces your hand? Here are the second career paths of 10Ã of the most legendary Olympic athletes for inspiration- or commiseration.Ray EwryRay Ewry was one of those sporting miracles. Told heÃ¢â¬â¢d never walk after a childhood polio diagnosis confined him to a wheelchair, he went on not only to recover but to become one of the most successful Olympic athletes in history, participating in three consecutive Olympic games and winning 10Ã gold medals. His record of eight individual event golds was topped only by Michael Phelps.When EwryÃ¢â¬â¢s athletic career ended (and he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t live in an era of lucrative sponsorship deals to keep him rich without having to work), he returned home and worked as an engineer. Some of the projects he worked on included an aqueduct from the Catskills to NYC and naval vessels for WWI.Jim ThorpeJim Thorpe was a dominant force in Track Field in the 1912 Games, but was stripped of his gold medals when news surfaced that he had been paid to play baseball professionally before going to the Olympics.After the Olympics, he served as the first president of the American Professional Football Association, which later became the NFL. Though, his second career derailed after the Great Depression and he never quite righted the boat, living out the rest of his days in poverty.Duke KahanamokuThe Godfather of surfing, Kahanamoku was an Olympic gold and silver medalist in swimming, competing in three different Games. His international tour would go on to bring surfing to the world stage- and would inspire the film Ã¢â¬Å"Duke: A Great Hawaiian.Ã¢â¬ In addition to this, he had a bit part acting career in Hollywood, plus some extra odd jobs (including being a janitor), and finally the ceremonial position of Sheriff of Honolul u.Paavo NurmiÃ¢â¬Å"The Flying FinnÃ¢â¬ won four golds over the course of as many Games. His second career turned out to be runningÃ a sewing shop in downtown Helsinki. He also went on to be something of a real estate mogul in Helsinki. This path led to a comfortable lifeÃ¢â¬ ¦even if he didÃ pass up a chance to buy the property that would later be purchased by Disney for their first theme park in Florida.Eric LiddellÃ¢â¬Å"The Flying ScotsmanÃ¢â¬ was a deeply Christian man, born to Scottish parents in China. He sat out a 100-meter heat on a Sunday, but went on to get the gold in the 400 the next day. Liddel went back to China after the Games to do missionary work and teaching until he was officially ordained as a minister in 1932. Very sadly, he would lose his life in a Japanese internment camp in 1945, after the war broke out.Johnny WeissmullerSwimmer turned actor and Hollywood heartthrob, Weismuller won five gold medals between the 1924 and 1928 Games. His was another success story of overcoming childhood polio. He would go on to be granted the role of Tarzan in Tarzan the Ape Man and made several other films. His third and fourth careers? Amateur golf and a swimming pool company.Jesse OwensOwens was one of the greatest Track Field athletes of all time. After winning four gold medals in the 1936 Berlin Games, he was blacklisted from amateur competitions. He took work running against unruly racehorses. When asked if that was too degrading for an Olympic champion, he replied, Ã¢â¬Å"People say that it was degrading for an Olympic champion to run against a horse, but what was I supposed to do? I had four gold medals, but you canÃ¢â¬â¢t eat four gold medals.Ã¢â¬ Owens went on to run a dry cleaning business, work at a gas station, and, finally, became a U.S. goodwill ambassador.Bob MathiasMathias became a decathlon champion two months after he first tried the sport, and medaled in two consecutive Olympics (even though heÃ¢â¬â¢d originally gone for high jumping and shot put). After his Olympic victories, he joined the Marines, becoming a Captain. Later, he would star in a film, serve four terms in the U.S. House of Representatives, and be named Deputy Director of the Selective Service.Emil ZatopekKnown as the Ã¢â¬Å"Czwch Locomotive,Ã¢â¬ Zatopek won the first marathon he ever participated in, at the 1952 Games. He also won the 5,000 and 10,000 meter races. He was a national hero until he fell afoul of his countryÃ¢â¬â¢s Communist party and had to take dangerous work digging wells, mining uranium, and collecting refuse until he was finally rehabilitated in 1990.Wilma RudolphRudolph was considered the fastest woman alive in the 1960s. She was the first woman to win 3 golds in one Games in 1960. Another childhood polio survivor, she went on to teach second grade at her old school, and to coach track and do the occasional bit of television sports corresponding.
Saturday, March 7, 2020
Asthma Essays - Respiratory Therapy, Asthma, Free Essays Asthma subject = Heath title = Asthma Asthma What is Asthma ? Asthma is a disorder that affects 20% of Australians in their childhood. It causes airways to narrow making it difficult to breathe. Symptoms may include loss of breathe in cold weather, wheezing and whistling. It may occur periodically in sudden sharp attacks. When an attack occurs - The muscles around the wind pipe tighten shrinking the airways. The wind pipe lining then swells (picture) and a mucus called phlegm develops causing the cough to intensify and slightly more painful. What are the Causes and Triggers for asthma ? Attacks of Asthma occur due to a blockage in the bronchial tubes. This blockage results from a spasm that narrows the windpipe causing breathing difficulty for the sufferer. Asthma Triggers are things that make Asthma worse. Usual triggers are - Respiratory infections eg. Colds, flu, sore throats and bronchitis Allergic reactions sometimes cause Asthma eg. Pollen, foods, dust, animal fur or some seed. Air irritants (similar to Allergic reactions) eg. Cigarette smoke, gases or dust. Excessive/strenuous exercise can cause an Asthma attack. Emotional Stress can also trigger an Asthma attack. Symptoms of Asthma Symptoms include wheezing from the chest or a slight whistling is heard when inhaling. It's even louder when exhaling. Tightness of the chest, lung and lung area are closely associated with Asthma. Treatment for asthma There is no cure for Asthma but there are steps that doctors take to help relieve the symptoms of Asthma. As a first step doctors try to remove or get the patient to avoid Asthma triggers such as "animal dander" (eg. Fur or hairs). These are very likely to trigger an Asthma attack. Places where animals dwell are advised to be kept clear of for a sufferer. Since it is impossible to remove or avoid all triggers there are medications that can be taken. Such as - - Anti - Inflammatory Drugs : these reduce swelling of the windpipe and it's lining. Oral Steroids - prednisone and prednisolone quickly reduce inflammation during an attack. Inhaled medicines - such as cromoyln sodium and inhaled corticosteroids keep inflammation from flaring up. - Bronchodilators : relax the muscles which have tightened around the windpipe. Adrenergic bronchodilators ("Beta 2 agonists") provide temporary relief but do not treat inflammation. These are available as an Inhaler or a tablet form. Unfortunately the tablets are slower and have a few side affects. Theophylline is available in a liquid, capsule or tablet form. This drug has a long duration of action making it a very good soother for "night time" Asthma. Ways of preventing asthma There are no ways of preventing Asthma because it is usually genetic, allergically related or following a dose of bronchitis, but there are ways to prevent it from flaring up and turning into an attack. A sufferer can be very careful about his or hers diet because the diet can greatly affect the Asthma. Due to allergic reactions etc. Staying away from pollens and animal fur settles down Asthma. The allergic reactions are the highest causes of Asthma. Make sure you always have medication with you such as Intal and Becotide. These preventative medicines will stop an attack occurring. Summery For an Asthma sufferer breathing can sometimes be a great difficulty due to the fact that at any time their wind pipe can shrink due to inflammation, making it very hard to breathe. But with the right medication eg. Inhalers and Theophylline their life can be much easier. If they also stay away from triggers such as pollen, fur and cigarette smoke the air ways may not be so vulnerable. Even if you don't have Asthma you should keep an eye out for the symptoms which are - chest and lung tightness, wheezing and loss of breath especially in cold weather.
Wednesday, February 19, 2020
Juvenile delinquency - Essay Example The American government has taken a lot of steps to lower the crime rate amongst the juvenile. The first jail for such offenders was opened in 1825 and by the year of 1875, there were forty juvenile prisons. (Musick, 24). Chicago Reformers also worked a great deal for such children by opening the state reform schools. Musick says that, Ã¢â¬Å"by 1900, thirty-two states passed compulsory attendance lawsÃ¢â¬ (25). Juvenile courts were another effort by the legislators. The history shows that the legislation has been influenced through out to make the changes concerning the juvenile delinquency. The government always tried to look into the reasons which cause such horrifying situations. There are many reasons, which influence the legislation again and again to change its approach towards the juvenile criminals. Immaturity, drug addiction, severe poverty, and abuse, which can be physical, mental or sexual, are the most obvious causes so far. Musick writes that, Ã¢â¬Å"by the middle of twentieth century, news about neglect and abuse began to influence childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s lawsÃ¢â¬ (28). Macko writes that, Ã¢â¬Å"Unfortunately, statistics prove that such youths are disproportionately affected by social problems linked historically to crime. These social problems include: the breakdown of the family, poverty and poor education.Ã¢â¬ Homicides can become another basis for it. Macko estimates that, Ã¢â¬Å"The United States averages, currently, about 21 ,000 homicides per year.Ã¢â¬ Musick stresses on Ã¢â¬Å"homelessness, current pattern of father abandonment and dual wage earningsÃ¢â¬ (37,) which are getting the children to indulge in criminal acts. He also points out that, Ã¢â¬Å"Quality child care is expensive and scarce.Ã¢â¬ Hart wrote that, Ã¢â¬Å"Juvenile sex offenders pasts might go publicÃ¢â¬ to stop them from committing crimes. Ã¢â¬Å"A federal law in July 2010, however, could compel states to reveal the identities of many young sex offenders on a